• DONUTS!!!!!!!!!

    Posted by Shayle Prorok on 10/2/2014
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    Posted by Shayle Prorok on 9/25/2014
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  • Chapter 3 Test

    Posted by Shayle Prorok on 9/22/2014
    Chapter 3 Test on Wednesday September 24, 2014
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  • Egyptian Dieties

    Posted by Shayle Prorok on 9/15/2014

    List of deities[edit]

    ·         Aker – A god of the earth and the horizon[3]

    ·         Ammit – Goddess who devoured condemned souls[4]

    ·         Amenhotep son of Hapu – A scribe and architect in the court of Amenhotep III, later deified for his wisdom[5]

    ·         Am-heh – A dangerous underworld god[5]

    ·         Amun – A creator god, patron deity of the city of Thebes, and the preeminent deity in Egypt during the New Kingdom[6]

    ·         Amunet – Female counterpart of Amun and a member of the Ogdoad[3]

    ·         Anat – A war and fertility goddess, originally from Syria, who entered Egyptian religion in the Middle Kingdom[7]

    ·         Anhur – A god of war and hunting[8]

    ·         Anti – Falcon god, worshipped in Middle Egypt,[9] who appears in myth as a ferryman for greater gods[10]

    ·         Anubis – God of embalming and protector of the dead[11]

    ·         Anuket – A goddess of Egypt's southern frontier regions, particularly the lower cataracts of the Nile[12]

    ·         Apedemak – A warlike lion god from Nubia who appears in some Egyptian-built temples in Lower Nubia[13]

    ·         Apophis – A serpent deity who personified malevolent chaos and was said to fight Ra in the underworld every night[14]

    ·         Apis – A live bull worshipped as a god at Memphis and seen as a manifestation of Ptah[15]

    ·         Arensnuphis – A Nubian deity who appears in Egyptian temples in Lower Nubia in the Greco-Roman era[16]

    ·         Ash – A god of the Libyan Desert and oases west of Egypt[17]

    ·         Astarte – A warrior goddess from Syria and Canaan who entered Egyptian religion in the New Kingdom[18]

    ·         Aten – Sun disk deity who became the focus of the monolatrous or monotheistic Atenistbelief system in the reign of Akhenaten[19]

    ·         Atum – A creator god and solar deity, first god of the Ennead[20]

    ·         Baal – Sky and storm god from Syria and Canaan, worshipped in Egypt during the New Kingdom[21]

    ·         Ba'alat Gebal – A Caananite goddess, patroness of the city of Byblos, adopted into Egyptian religion[22]

    ·         Babi – A baboon god characterized by sexuality and aggression[23]

    ·         Banebdjedet – A ram god, patron of the city of Mendes[24]

    ·         Ba-Pef – A little-known underworld deity[25]

    ·         Bast – Goddess represented as a cat or lioness, patroness of the city of Bubastis, linked with fertility and protection from evil[26]

    ·         Bat – Cow goddess from early in Egyptian history, eventually absorbed by Hathor[27]

    ·         Bennu – A solar and creator deity, depicted as a bird[28]

    ·         Bes – Apotropaic god, represented as a dwarf, particularly important in protecting children and women in childbirth[29]

    ·         Buchis – A live bull god worshipped in the region around Thebes and a manifestation of Montu[30]

    ·         Dedun – A Nubian god, said to provide the Egyptians with incense and other resources that came from Nubia[31]

    ·         Geb – An earth god and member of the Ennead[32]

    ·         Ha – A god of the Libyan Desert and oases west of Egypt[33]

    ·         Hapi – Personification of the Nile flood[33]

    ·         Hathor – One of the most important goddesses, linked with the sky, the sun, sexuality and motherhood, music and dance, foreign lands and goods, and the afterlife. One of many forms of the Eye of Ra.[34]

    ·         Hatmehit – Fish goddess worshipped at Mendes[35]

    ·         Hedetet – A minor scorpion goddess[36]

    ·         Heh – Personification of infinity and a member of the Ogdoad[35]

    ·         Heka – Personification of magic[37]

    ·         Heket – Frog goddess said to protect women in childbirth[38]

    ·         Heryshaf – Ram god worshipped at Herakleopolis Magna[39]

    ·         Hesat – A maternal cow goddess[40]

    ·         Horus – A major god, usually shown as a falcon or as a human child, linked with the sky, the sun, kingship, protection, and healing. Often said to be the son of Osiris and Isis.[41]

    ·         Hu – Personification of the authority of the spoken word[42]

    ·         Iah – A moon god[43]

    ·         Iat – A goddess of milk and nursing[44]

    ·         Ihy – A child deity born to Horus and Hathor, representing the music and joy produced by the sistrum[45]

    ·         Imentet – An afterlife goddess closely linked with Isis and Hathor[46]

    ·         Imhotep – Architect and vizier to Djoser, eventually deified as a healer god[47]

    ·         Ishtar – The East Semitic version of Astarte, occasionally mentioned in Egyptian texts[48]

    ·         Isis – Wife of Osiris and mother of Horus, linked with funerary rites, motherhood, protection, and magic. She became a major deity in Greek and Roman religion.[49]

    ·         Iusaaset – A female counterpart to Atum[50]

    ·         Khepri – A solar creator god, often treated as the morning form of Ra and represented by a scarab beetle[51]

    ·         Kherty – A netherworld god, usually depicted as a ram[52]

    ·         Khnum – A ram god, the patron deity of Elephantine, who was said to control the Nile flood and give life to gods and humans[53]

    ·         Khonsu – A moon god, son of Amun and Mut[54]

    ·         Maahes – A lion god, son of Bastet[55]

    ·         Maat – Goddess who personified truth, justice, and order[56]

    ·         Mafdet – A predatory goddess said to destroy dangerous creatures[57]

    ·         Mandulis – A Lower Nubian solar deity who appeared in some Egyptian temples[58]

    ·         Mehit – A lioness goddess, consort of Anhur[59]

    ·         Menhit – A lioness goddess[59]

    ·         Mehen – A serpent god who protects the barque of Ra as it travels through the underworld[60]

    ·         Mehet-Weret – A celestial cow goddess[60]

    ·         Meretseger – A cobra goddess who oversaw the Theban Necropolis[61]

    ·         Meskhenet – A goddess who presided over childbirth[62]

    ·         Min – A god of virility, as well as the cities of Akhmim and Qift and the Eastern Desert that beyond them[63]

    ·         Mnevis – A live bull god worshipped at Heliopolis as a manifestation of Ra[64]

    ·         Montu – A god of war and the sun, worshipped at Thebes[65]

    ·         Mut – Consort of Amun, worshipped at Thebes[66]

    ·         Nebethetepet – A female counterpart to Atum[67]

    ·         Nefertum – God of the lotus blossom from which the sun god rose at the beginning of time. Son of Ptah and Sekhmet.[67]

    ·         Nehebu-Kau – A protective serpent god[68]

    ·         Nehmetawy – A minor goddess, the consort of Nehebu-Kau or Thoth[69]

    ·         Neith – A creator and hunter goddess goddess of the city of Sais in Lower Egypt[70]

    ·         Nekhbet – A vulture goddess, the tutelary deity of Upper Egypt[71]

    ·         Neper – A god of grain[72]

    ·         Nephthys – A member of the Ennead, the consort of Set, who mourned Osiris alongside Isis[73]

    ·         Nu – Personification of the formless, watery disorder from which the world emerged at creation and a member of the Ogdoad[74]

    ·         Nut – A sky goddess, a member of the Ennead[75]

    ·         Osiris – God of death and resurrection who rules the underworld and enlivens vegetation, the sun god, and deceased souls[76]

    ·         Pakhet – A lioness goddess mainly worshipped in the area around Beni Hasan[77]

    ·         Ptah – A creator deity and god of craftsmen, the patron god of Memphis[78]

    ·         Qetesh – A goddess of sexuality and sacred ecstasy from Syria and Canaan, adopted into Egyptian religion in the New Kingdom[79]

    ·         Ra – the foremost Egyptian sun god, involved in creation and the afterlife. Mythological ruler of the gods, father of every Egyptian king, and the patron god of Heliopolis.[80]

    ·         Raet-Tawy – A female counterpart to Ra[81]

    ·         Renenutet – An agricultural goddess[82]

    ·         Reshep – A Syrian war god adopted into Egyptian religion in the New Kingdom[83]

    ·         Renpet – Goddess who personified the year[81]

    ·         Satet – A goddess of Egypt's southern frontier regions[84]

    ·         Seker – God of the Memphite Necropolis and of the afterlife in general[85]

    ·         Sekhmet – A lioness goddess, both destructive and violent and capable of warding off disease. The consort of Ptah and one of many forms of the Eye of Ra.[86]

    ·         Serapis – A Greco-Egyptian god from the Ptolemaic Period who fused traits of Osiris and Apis with those of several Greek gods. Husband of Isis who, like her, was adopted into Greek and Roman religion outside Egypt.[87]

    ·         Serket – A scorpion goddess, invoked for healing and protection[88]

    ·         Seshat – Goddess of writing and record-keeping, depicted as a scribe[89]

    ·         Set – An ambivalent god, characterized by violence, chaos, and strength, connected with the desert. Mythological murderer of Osiris and enemy of Horus, but also a supporter of the king.[90]

    ·         Shai – Personification of fate[91]

    ·         Shed – A god believed to save people from danger and misfortune[92]

    ·         Shesmetet – A lioness goddess[92]

    ·         Shezmu – A god of wine and oil presses who also slaughters condemned souls[93]

    ·         Shu – embodiment of wind or air, a member of the Ennead[94]

    ·         Sia – Personification of perception[95]

    ·         Sobek – Crocodile god, worshipped in the Faiyum and at Kom Ombo[96]

    ·         Sopdu – A god of the sky and of Egypt's eastern border regions[97]

    ·         Sopdet – Deification of the star Sirius[98]

    ·         Ta-Bitjet – A minor scorpion goddess[99]

    ·         Tatenen – Personification of the first mound of earth to emerge from chaos in ancient Egyptian creation myths[99]

    ·         Taweret – Hippopotamus goddess, protector of women in childbirth[100]

    ·         Tefnut – Goddess of moisture and a member of the Ennead[101]

    ·         Thoth – A moon god, and a god of writing and scribes, and patron deity of Hermopolis[102]

    ·         Tutu – An apotropaic god from the Greco-Roman era[103]

    ·         Unut – A goddess represented as a snake or a hare, worshipped in the region ofHermopolis[104]

    ·         Wadjet – A cobra goddess, the tutelary deity of Lower Egypt[105]

    ·         Wadj-wer – Personification of the Mediterranean sea or lakes of the Nile Delta[106]

    ·         Weneg – A son of Ra who maintains cosmic order[106]

    ·         Wepwawet – A jackal god, the patron deity of Asyut, connected with warfare and the afterlife[107]

    ·         Werethekau – A goddess who protected the king[108]

    ·         Wosret – A minor goddess of Thebes[109]

    ·         Yam – A Syrian god of the sea who appears in some Egyptian texts[110]

    Groups of deities[edit]

    ·         The Ennead – An extended family of nine deities produced by Atum during the creation of the world. The Ennead usually consisted of Atum, his children Shu and Tefnut, their children Geb and Nut, and their children Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys.[111]

    ·         The four sons of Horus – Four gods who protected the mummified body, particularly the internal organs in canopic jars[112]

    ·         The Ogdoad – A set of eight gods who personified the chaos that existed before creation. The Ogdoad commonly consisted of Amun, Amaunet, Nu, Naunet, Heh, Hauhet, Kuk, and Kauket.[113]

    ·         The Souls of Pe and Nekhen – A set of gods personifying the predynastic rulers of Upper and Lower Egypt[


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  • Chapter 3 study guide

    Posted by Shayle Prorok on 9/13/2014
    Chapter 3 study guide was distributed after the test Friday. Please use the resources on the Cengage site. This will help you organize the kingdoms and artworks. You guys can do this! Egypt, Greece, and China will be your biggest challenges.
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  • Chapter 2 Test Friday

    Posted by Shayle Prorok on 9/9/2014
    Form your study group!
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  • Chapter 2

    Posted by Shayle Prorok on 9/5/2014
    Here is a link to the "Epic of Gilgamesh" .  I hope it works!!!!!

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  • DONUTS!!!!!!!

    Posted by Shayle Prorok on 9/5/2014
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  • Chapter 1

    Posted by Shayle Prorok on 9/2/2014
    Does anyone have any questions about Chapter 1?  Our exam will be Friday.  
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  • materials for study guide

    Posted by Shayle Prorok on 9/1/2014
    The materials for the study guide is listed in the required readings. It can be stone, plaster, limestone, wood.  That would be the materials.  Hope this helps
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